Editor cordially invites contributions which may be articles,
case notes, or book reviews.
University of New South Wales
1. Contributions should conform to the LFMR style
guidelines shown below.
2. Contributions should be provided word-processed and double-spaced
by email to the address above. The only exception to electronic submission is where
this would be impracticable or cause undue hardship. Contributions
may be provided in Word, WordPerfect or rich text format.
3. One hardcopy, double-spaced and printed on A4/letter paper
(using one side of the page only), may accompany the electronic
version. A hardcopy should be supplied in addition to the
electronic version wherever a contribution contains graphs,
tables or any other significant formatting.
4. In the case of articles, an abstract of not more than
150 words should be submitted with the contribution. This
will appear on this website if the article is published.
5. Contributions should usually be no longer than 6,000 words
for articles, 3,000 words for shorter articles and notes and
2,000 words for book reviews. These figures exclude footnotes.
6. Contributors' autobiographical details should appear with
an * as the first footnote of each contribution, and include
the name, position and institutional affiliation for each
7. LFMR will not usually consider for publication
contributions that have been submitted or accepted elsewhere
for publication. The Editors and Publisher do not accept any
responsibility for loss or damage to the disks or hardcopies
supplied. Regretfully, disks and hardcopies cannot be returned.
8. It is the contributor's responsibility to ensure that
all references and citations are correct, and that the contribution
does not contain any material that infringes copyright or
is defamatory, obscene or otherwise unlawful or litigious.
9. Contributors of articles will receive a free copy of the
journal issue and a pdf of their article. All contributors
may purchase additional copies of the issue directly from
Hart Publishing at a 33% discount. A reviewed book will become
the property of the reviewer once the review is published.
10. As a condition of publication, contributors grant licences
to publish to LFMR and the Publisher. Click
here to view the copyright terms
1 GENERAL INFORMATION
1. Although LFMR is published in the UK, it is
an inclusive journal that invites international contributions.
Because some matters such as vocabulary, spelling and punctuation
vary to some extent from one English speaking country to another,
in the interests of consistency, the journal will use UK English
throughout (see Stylistic Conventions, section II).
2. When an article is accepted for publication, authors
will be expected to ensure that it complies with the guidelines
in this document to the greatest extent possible. LFMR
conventions for citations, quotations and other stylistic
matters are outlined in sections II and III. The Editors strongly
encourage contributors to consult the journal style guidelines
when revising accepted articles so as to avoid significant
changes to the article at proofs stage. A sample paper and
a copy of the guidelines are available on request from the
3. The Editors reserve the right of final decision on matters
of style, grammar, punctuation, citation etc that are not
dealt with explicitly in this document.
4. All articles should be accompanied by an abstract of
approximately 150 words summarising its central theme(s).
The abstract should be followed by a maximum of ten keywords
to assist indexers in cross-referencing the article.
II Stylistic Conventions
should be of the following form:
A. LEVEL ONE
1. Level Two
(a) Level Three
2. Quotations should be clearly
indicated by double quotation marks, with single quotation
marks used for quotes within quotes. Where a quotation is
more than 40 words long, it should be indented as a separate
paragraph, with a line space above and below. Formatting and
spelling of quotations should remain exactly as in the original.
3. Numerical form should be used for numbers both in text
and footnotes, and "%" symbol used rather than "per cent"
4. 'US' should be used when referring to
the United States instead of 'U.S.', 'U.S.A', or 'USA' and
'UK' when referring to the United Kingdom
instead of 'U.K.' or any other form.
5. Citations must always be given in any submission, whether
an article, a note or a book review. Citations in articles
and notes should appear in the footnotes. Citations in book
reviews should be kept to a minimum and appear in the text
of the review. For subsequent citations in articles and notes,
a cross-reference may be used in the following form: "supra
n 3, 35", except that "Ibid" should be used when
the immediately preceding citation is repeated (eg "Ibid,
14"). Please refer to the Annex for information about how
to write citations in footnotes.
6. Full points should not be used for abbreviations or acronyms.
7. Cross-references to the text should if possible identify
the place not by page number (which may alter more than once
during printing) but by the relevant section of the article
or nearest footnote number, eg: "See infra, section
D", "See supra n 9 and accompanying text" and "See
supra text to nn 3-5." When referring to your article
use 'article' instead of 'paper' and 'Section A' instead of
8. Where reference is made to part of a cited source, first
and last page numbers should be given, eg Re Sevenoaks
Stationers (Retail) Ltd  Ch 164, 183-85 (not "183
ff" or "183 et seq").
9. Where frequent reference to one or more citations (particularly
lengthy ones) is necessary, it may be convenient for the first
footnote to specify an abbreviation or list of abbreviations
to be used subsequently.
10. As well as direct citations, reference may be made to
sources in the following ways:
- For sources which are not primary authority for the proposition
- For examples of sources supporting a particular proposition:
"See, eg" or less specifically, "See generally".
- For references to sources that do not support the proposition
made in the text: "Cf"
11. Tables and figures. Authors may present tables
and figures, which are essential to an understanding of the
text. References in the text to tables and figures should
always be by number (eg Table 1, Fig. 3). Tables and figures
should be numbered consecutively and presented on separate
pages with clear, concise titles. They should be grouped in
sequence at the end of the text, not incorporated into the
text, and contained in separate electronic documents. Authors
should indicate clearly the location of figures and tables
in the text.
12. All references, citations and quotations should be verified
before submission. The accuracy of the contribution and of
the proof is the author's responsibility
Citations should be given in the following
First and Second Initial and Surname, Title of the book
italicized, each word in the title has an initial capital
letter (Place of publication, Publisher, xth edn, Year).
• C Quigley and AH Collins, EC State Aid Law and
Policy (Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2002), 150-57.
• V Korah, An Introductory Guide to EC Competition
Law in Practice (Oxford, Hart Publishing, 7th edn, 2001).
Where the publisher is either the Oxford or Cambridge University
Press, reference to place of publication may be omitted. Thereafter
a suitably abbreviated form may be used, eg: Korah, supra
n 15, 203-7.
(b) Chapters in Books
G Monti, "New Directions in EC Competition Law", in T Tridimas
(ed), European Union Law for the Twenty-First Century,
vol 2 (Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2004), 177, 179.
(c) Journal Articles
The first citation to journal articles
should give the name of the journal in full: P Marsden, "Competition
Law in an Enlarged Europe" (2005) 1 European Competition
Journal 21, 25.
Thereafter, an abbreviated form may be used, eg Marsden,
supra n 10, 22-24. Journal titles should be given
• In the text: section 32 of the UK Competition Act
• In footnotes: Enterprise Act 1998,
(e) Statutory Instrument
Full title should be given in the text the first time the
Instrument is referred to, with an accompanying footnote of
the following form: SI 1999/1234.
(f) EU Directives
Title (abbreviated where appropriate) should be given in
the text, with an accompanying footnote of the following form:
Directive 23/995 EC  OJ L35/173. Subsequent citations
may omit the reference to the OJ.
Case C-393/92 Almelo and others  ECR Iç±1477.
Where possible, case citations should be given of the official
series of Law Reports (eg AC, Ch or QB or, failing that, WLR
or All ER, in that order).
Where a neutral citation is available for a judgement, this
should be given in accordance with the Practice Direction
on Form of Judgements, Paragraph Numbering and Neutral Citation
( 1 WLR 194), eg Secretary of State for Trade &
Industry v Smith  EWCA Civ 4, ç±. Where a
decision for which a neutral citation is available has been
reported, both the neutral citation and the citation to the
Law Reports should be given, with the neutral citation first
For European cases the citation should be to the ECR or
CMLR. For older cases, there should be citation of both the
nominate reports and (on the first citation only) the English
Reports (eg "Moses v MacFerlan (1760) 2 Burr 1005;
97 ER 676"). Where an unofficial series of reports is commonly
used internationally, that citation should generally be included
along with the reference (if any) in the official reports
(eg "Deglman v Guaranty Trust of Canada  SCR
725;  3 DLR 785"). Thereafter, a suitably abbreviated
form may be used, eg:
• Almelo, supra n 3, 35ç±37.
US cases may be cited in the American manner:
Rubin v Manufacturers Hanover Trust 661 F 2d 979
(2d Cir 1981)
(h) Command Papers
The title should be italicised and cited as follows:
Report of the Company Law Amendment Committee, Cmd
Command papers are abbreviated as follows:
• 1836ç±1899 C 1956ç±1986 Cmnd • 1900ç±1918 Cd
1986 to date Cm • 1919ç±1956 Cmd
Law Commission and DTI Reports
Land Registration for
the Twenty-First Century (Law Com No 271, TSO, 2001).
Modern Company Law for a Competitive Economy: Final Report
(URN 01/942 (vol 1) and 01/943 (vol 2), DTI, 2001). References
may be either to page or paragraph number.
The URL for electronic references is followed by "accessed
"eg http://facultyresearch.london.edu/docs/306.pdf accessed
on 4 January 2004"
(k) Newspaper Article
"Bidding for the Future", Economist, 12 February
2000, 97. P Abrahams, "A Sudden Increase in Demand Has Caught
Everyone by Surprise", Financial Times, 8 May 2000,