The Editors cordially invite contributions which may be articles,
case notes, or book reviews.
Dr Philip Marsden
Director, The Competition Law Forum
British Institute of International and Comparative Law
17 Russell Square, London WC1B 5JP, UK
Partner, RBB Economics
Rond Point Schuman 6, B-1040 Brussels, Belgium
1. Contributions should conform to the ECJ style
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1 GENERAL INFORMATION
1. Although ECJ is published in the UK, it
is an inclusive journal that invites international contributions.
Because some matters such as vocabulary, spelling and punctuation
vary to some extent from one English speaking country to another,
in the interests of consistency, the journal will use UK English
throughout (see Stylistic Conventions, section II).
2. When an article is accepted for publication, authors
will be expected to ensure that it complies with the guidelines
in this document to the greatest extent possible. ECJ conventions for citations, quotations and other stylistic
matters are outlined in sections II and III. The Editors strongly
encourage contributors to consult the journal style guidelines
when revising accepted articles so as to avoid significant
changes to the article at proofs stage. Sample papers and
a copy of the guidelines are available on request from the
3. The Editors reserve the right of final decision on matters
of style, grammar, punctuation, citation etc that are not
dealt with explicitly in this document.
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The letter granting such permission should be attached to
the manuscript. ii Stylistic
1. Headings should be of the
A. LEVEL ONE
1. Level Two
(a) Level Three
2. Quotations should be clearly
indicated by double quotation marks, with single quotation
marks used for quotes within quotes. Where a quotation is
more than 40 words long, it should be indented as a separate
paragraph, with a line space above and below. Formatting and
spelling of quotations should remain exactly as in the original.
3. Numerical form should be used for numbers both in text
and footnotes, and "%" symbol used rather than "per cent"
4. 'US' should be used when referring to
the United States instead of 'U.S.', 'U.S.A', or 'USA' and
'UK' when referring to the United Kingdom
instead of 'U.K.' or any other form.
5. Citations must always be given in any submission, whether
an article, a note or a book review. Citations in articles
and notes should appear in the footnotes. Citations in book
reviews should be kept to a minimum and appear in the text
of the review. For subsequent citations in articles and notes,
a cross-reference may be used in the following form: "supra
n 3, 35", except that "Ibid" should be used when
the immediately preceding citation is repeated (eg "Ibid,
14"). Please refer to the Annex for information about how
to write citations in footnotes.
6. Full points should not be used for abbreviations or acronyms.
7. Cross-references to the text should if possible identify
the place not by page number (which may alter more than once
during printing) but by the relevant section of the article
or nearest footnote number, eg: "See infra, section
D", "See supra n 9 and accompanying text" and "See
supra text to nn 3-5." When referring to your article
use 'article' instead of 'paper' and 'Section A' instead of
8. Where reference is made to part of a cited source, first
and last page numbers should be given, eg Re Sevenoaks
Stationers (Retail) Ltd  Ch 164, 183-5 (not "183
ff" or "183 et seq").
9. Where frequent reference to one or more citations (particularly
lengthy ones) is necessary, it may be convenient for the first
footnote to specify an abbreviation or list of abbreviations
to be used subsequently.
10. As well as direct citations, reference may be made to
sources in the following ways:
• For sources which are not primary authority for
the proposition cited: "See".
• For examples of sources supporting a particular
proposition: "See, eg" or less specifically, "See generally".
• For references to sources that do not support the
proposition made in the text: "Cf"
11. Tables and figures. Authors may present tables and figures,
which are essential to an understanding of the text. References
in the text to tables and figures should always be by number
(eg Table 1, Fig. 3). Tables and figures should be numbered
consecutively and presented on separate pages with clear, concise
titles. They should be grouped in sequence at the end of the
text, not incorporated into the text, and contained in separate
electronic documents. Authors should indicate clearly the location
of figures and tables in the text.
12. All references,
citations and quotations should be verified before submission.
The accuracy of the contribution and of the proof is the author's
Citations should be given in the following
First and Second Initial and Surname, Title of the book
italicized, each word in the title has an initial capital
letter (Place of publication, Publisher, xth edn, Year).
• C Quigley and AH Collins, EC State Aid Law and Policy (Oxford, Hart Publishing,
• V Korah, An Introductory Guide to EC Competition Law in Practice
(Oxford, Hart Publishing, 7th edn, 2001).
Where the publisher is either the Oxford or Cambridge University
Press, reference to place of publication may be omitted. Thereafter
a suitably abbreviated form may be used, eg: Korah, supra
n 15, 203-7. (b) Chapters in Books
G Monti, "New Directions in EC Competition Law", in T Tridimas (ed), European Union Law for the Twenty-First Century, vol 2 (Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2004), 177, 179. (c) Journal Articles
The first citation to journal articles should give
the name of the journal in full: P Marsden, "Competition Law in an Enlarged Europe" (2005) 1 European Competition Journal 21, 25.
Thereafter, an abbreviated form may be used, eg Marsden,
supra n 10, 22-24. Journal titles should be given
• In the text: section 32 of the UK Competition Act 1998.
(e) Statutory Instruments
• In footnotes: Enterprise Act 1998, s 32.
title should be given in the text the first time the Instrument
is referred to, with an accompanying footnote of the following
form: SI 1999/1234. (f) EU Directives
Title (abbreviated where appropriate) should be given
in the text, with an accompanying footnote of the following
form: Directive 23/995 EC  OJ L35/173. Subsequent citations
may omit the reference to the OJ. (g)
Case C-393/92l Almelo and others  1 ECR I-1477;s
Where possible, case citations should be given of the official
series of Law Reports (eg AC, Ch or QB or, failing that, WLR
or All ER, in that order). Where a neutral citation is available
for a judgement, this should be given in accordance with the
Practice Direction on Form of Judgements, Paragraph Numbering
and Neutral Citation ( 1 WLR 194), eg Secretary
of State for Trade & Industry v Smith,  EWCA
Civ 4, -. Where a decision for which a neutral citation
is available has been reported, both the neutral citation
and the citation to the Law Reports should be given, with
the neutral citation first.
For European cases the
citation should be to the ECR or CMLR. For older cases, there
should be citation of both the nominate reports and (on the
first citation only) the English Reports (eg "Moses v
MacFerlan (1760) 2 Burr 1005; 97 ER 676"). Where an unofficial
series of reports is commonly used internationally, that citation
should generally be included along with the reference (if
any) in the official reports (eg "Deglman v Guaranty Trust
of Canada  SCR 725;  3 DLR 785"). Thereafter,
a suitably abbreviated form may be used, eg:
• Almelo, supra n 3, 35-37.
US cases may be cited in the American manner:
Rubin v Manufacturers Hanover Trust 661 F 2d 979
(2d Cir 1981).
(h) Command Papers
The title should be italicised and cited as follows:
Report of the Company Law Amendment Committee, Cmd
Command papers are abbreviated as follows:
(i) Law Commission and DTI Reports
• 1836-1899 C 1956-1986 Cmnd
• 1900-1918 Cd 1986 to date Cm
• 1919-1956 Cmd
Land Registration for the Twenty-First Century
(Law Com No 271, TSO, 2001). Modern Company Law for a
Competitive Economy: Final Report (URN 01/942 (vol 1)
and01/943 (vol 2), DTI, 2001). References may be either to
page or paragraph number.
The URL for electronic
references is followed by "accessed on [date]":
(k) Newspaper articles
"eg http://facultyresearch.london.edu/docs/306.pdf accessed
on 4 January 2004"
for the Future", Economist, 12 February 2000, 97.
P Abrahams, "A Sudden Increase in Demand Has Caught Everyone
by Surprise", Financial Times, 8 May 2000, 2.